Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov

Senior Research Fellow
Lead Researcher, Rule of Law Group

Contact information

Budapest, Nador u. 13 | 509

Professor Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov (LEGS '02) leads the Rule of Law Workgroup at CEU Democracy Institute and teaches at the Department of Legal Studies. His research focuses on the principles of law in the global context, with a special emphasis on the Rule of Law, citizenship, and the enforcement of EU values. Outside of CEU Dimitry is Associate of the EU Programme at Princeton University in New Jersey and Visiting Professor at LUISS Guido Carli in Rome (Faculty of Law).

His first monograph, which criticized the Rule of Law and democracy promotion by the EU in Central and Eastern Europe — EU Enlargement and the Failure of Conditionality (Kluwer, 2008) — was followed by Citizenship (MIT Press, 2019Il Mulino 2020Eksmo, 2021, AlbJuris 2022), which dissects the dark side of this concept and was reviewed in The New York Review of Books. Prof. Kochenov published numerous edited collections, including, Citizenship and Residence Sales (Cambridge, 2023, with Kiristin Surak) Kälin and Kochenov's Quality of Nationality Index (Hart Publishing, 2020, with Justin Lindeboom); The Internal Market and the Future of European Integration (Cambridge, 2019, with Fabian Amtenbrink et al.); The Enforcement of EU Law and Values (Oxford, 2017 with András Jakab); EU Citizenship and Federalism (Cambridge, 2017); Reinforcing Rule of Law Oversight in the EU (Cambridge, 2016, with Carlos Closa); Europe's Justice Deficit? (Hart Publishing, 2015, with Gráinne de Búrca and Andrew Williams); European Union's Shaping of the International Legal Order (Cambridge, 2013, with Fabian Amtenbrink); and a number of others.

Dimitry Vladimirovich's latest papers include 'EU Lawlessness Law: Europe's Passport Apartheid from Indifference to Torture and Killing' (Jean Monnet Paper No. 1 2023, NYU Law School, with Sarah Ganty) 'Kirchberg Salami Lost in Bosphorus: The Multiplication of the Judicial Independence Standards and the Future of the Rule of Law in Europe' (60 JCMS 2022, with Petra Bárd) 'Nationality-Based Bans from the Schengen Zone' (Yale J Int'l L 2023, with Sarah Ganty and Suryapratim Roy); 'Admitting Ukraine to the EU: Article 49 TEU is the "Special Procedure"' (EU Law Live 2022, with Ronald Janse); 'Independence of the Court of Justice of the European Union: Unchecked Member States Power after the Sharpston Affair (27 ELJ 2021, with Graham Butler); 'War as a Pretext to Wave the Rule of Law Goodbye?' (27 ELJ 2021, with Petra Bárd);  'EU Values are Law, after All' (YEL 2020, with Kim Scheppele and Barbara Grabowska-Moroz); 'The Victims of Citizenship' (COMPAS Oxford, 2021-56), and 'Ending the Passport Apartheid' (I-CON 2020).

Among his recent public talks and lectures is the seminar on 'European Union's Citizenship Apartheid' held at Yale Law School in April 2022 with remarks from Ian Urbina, Daniel Markovits and Sarah Iglesias Sanchez; lecture at Prof Joppke's Bern citizenship seminar in October 2022 and many others.

Prof. Kochenov was PI on 'Rule of Law Practices' in the Horizon2020 RECONNECT consortium led by Leuven Law School. Serving the academic community, Dimitry Vladimirovich sat on ERC Advanced grants panels, national research councils, and took part in the FCT national research assessment of Portuguese institutions of higher education. He sits on the editorial boards, inter alia, of the Hague Journal on the Rule of LawReview of DemocracyOxford Encyclopaedia of European Law, and Review of Central and East European Law.

Before returning to CEU Dimitry Vladimirovich was a professor in Groningen (in the North of the Netherlands) and held visiting appointments at Princeton University (Crane Fellowship in Law and Public Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School and a Visiting Professorship at the University Center for Human Values); University of Oxford (COMPAS, School of Anthropology); NYU Law School (Émile Noël Fellowship); College of Europe (Visiting Professorship); Basel Institute of Global Studies (Visiting Fellowship); Boston College (Senior Clough Fellowship); University of Turin (Visiting Chair in Private Law), LUISS Guido Carli (Rome, Visiting Co-Chair in EU Law), UNAM Mexico, Osaka Graduate School of Law and countless others. He served as the founding chairman of the Investment Migration Council (Geneva). Prof. Kochenov consults governments and international organizations on the subjects of his interest. He has done work for The Kingdom of the Netherlands, Malta, European and Scottish parliaments and acted as expert in front of courts. So he was retained as an expert by Clifford Chance in some of the Bancoult cases, helping the Chagossians expelled from their archipelago by the British Crown. The New Yorker, The Economist, FT, NYT, BBCCBCNBC, Le Monde, Rzeczpospolita, The i Newspaper and other leading outlets paid attention to Dimitry's work / published his op-eds and interviews. Among the honours he received, there is a cookie named after him at Black and Bloom in Groningen.

Dimitry Vladimirovich is currently working on two monographs: EU Rule of Law Case-Book (with Laurent Pech) and EU Citizenship: Ius Tractum of Many Faces (on contract with Hart), as well as three edited volumes: Research Handbook on the Politics of Constitutionalism (EE, 2024, with Mark Tushnet) and Rule of Law Crisis in the EU (Oxford, 2024, with Jan Wouters et al.) and Investment Migration in Europe and the World (Bloomsbury, 2023, with Madeleine Sumption and Martijn van den Brink).

The latest double special issue he co-edited is for The Hague Journal of the Rule of Law Vol. 14 2-3, 2022 (with Barbara Grabowska-Moroz, Joelle Grogan, and Larent Pech). It is dedicated to the Rule of Law in the EU.

Personal web-page I Author page on Verfassungsblog I Twitter @ProfKochenov

Google scholar [h-39 / i10-100] I SSRN profile [general rank by downloads: 410 / worldwide rank in legal studies by downloads: 50]

Oxford seminar I Princeton seminar


Dimitry Kochenov and Sarah Ganty, 'EU Lawlessness Law: Europe's Passport Apartheid from Indifference to Torture and Killing' Jean Monnet Working Papers No. 1, 2023, pp. 106.

Sarah Ganty, Dimitry Kochenov and Suryapratim Roy, ‘Nationality-Based Bans from the Schengen Zone: Dissecting the Populist Proposal and Its Unlawful Implementation in Poland and the Baltic States’,  47Yale Journal of International Law Online 2023 (in press). An earlier version is available as COMPAS Working Paper (University of Oxford) No. 22-160, 2022, pp. 41.

Dimitry Kochenov and Kristin Surak, ‘Introduction: Learning from Investment Migration’, in Dimitry Kochenov and Kristin Surak (eds), Residence and Citizensihp Sales: The Changing Boundaries of Belonging (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023) (in press).


Dimitry Kochenov, Shtetësia, AlbJuris, 2022 (trans. Ardina Buna and Redon Luli).

Dimitry Kochenov and Petra Bárd, 'Kirchberg Salami Lost in Bosphorus: The Multiplication of the Judicial Independence Standards and the Future of the Rule of Law in Europe' 60 Journal of Common Market Studies, 2022 pp. 150-165.

Dimitry Kochenov and Graham Butler, ‘Independence of the Court of Justice of the European Union: Unchecked Member States Power after the Sharpston Affair’ 27 European Law Journal, 2021, pp. 262-296 (published in July 2022).

Dimitry Kochenov and Nikos Lavranos, 'Achmea versus the Rule of Law: CJEU's Dogmatic Dismissal of Investors' Rights in the Backsliding Member States of the European Union', 14 The Hague Journal on the Rule of Law 2022, pp. 195-219.

Petra Bárd and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘War as a Pretext to Wave the Rule of Law Goodbye? The Case for EU’s Constitutional Awakening’, 27 European Law Journal, 2021, pp. 39-49 (published in July 2022).

Dimitry Kochenov and David de Groot, 'Helpful, Convoluted, and Ignorant in Principle: EU Citizenship in the Hand of the Grand Chamber in JY' 47 European Law Review, 2022, pp. 699-709.

Dimitry Kochenov and Barbara Grabowska-Moroz, ‘Constitutional Populism versus EU Rule of Law: A Much More Complex Story than You Have Imagined’, in M. Krygier et al. (eds), Responses to Constitutional Populism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, pp. 462-494.

Barbara Grabowska-Moroz and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘The Loss of Face for All Those Concerned: EU Rule of Law in the Context of the “Migration Crisis”’, in V. Stoyanova and S. Smet (eds), Migrants’ Rights, Populism and Legal Resilience in Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, pp. 187-208.

Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Court of Justice’s Grand Chamber in JY: Othering Europeans is OK’, EU Law Live January 24, 2022, pp. 4.

Dimitry Kochenov and William Thomas Worster, ‘EU’s Neo-Colonialism: Safeguarding the Purity of Ni-Vanuatu Blood through Blackmail’, EU Law Live March 8, 2022, pp. 4.


Димитрий Коченов, Гражданство: от равенства и достоинства к унижению и разделению, М.: Эксмо 2021 (перевод С. Мирошниченко).

Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Ending the Passport Apartheid. The Alternative to Citizenship is No Citizenship’, 18(4) International Journal of Constitutional Law (I-CON) 2020, pp. 1525-1530.

Kim Lane Scheppele, Dimitry Kochenov and Barbara Grabowska-Moroz, ‘EU Values Are Law, After All’, 39 Yearbook of European Law 2020, pp. 3–121[watch related event]

Laurent Pech and Dimitry Kochenov, 'Respect for the Rule of Law in the Case-Law of the Court of Justice: A Casebook Overview of the Key Judgments since the Portuguese Judges Case', SIEPS (Stockholm) 2021 (early view). [watch a related event]

Mathieu Leloup, Dimitry Kochenov and Aleksejs Dimitrovs, ‘Non-Regression: Opening the Door to Solving the “Copenhagen Dilemma”? All Eyes on Case C-896/19 Repubblika v Il-Prim Ministru’, 46 European Law Review 2021, pp. 692–703.

Dimitry Kochenov and John Morijn, ‘Augmenting the Charter’s Role in the Fight for the Rule of Law in the European Union: The Cases of Judicial Independence and Party Financing’, 27 European Public Law 2021, pp. 759–780.

Aleksejs Dimitrovs and Dimitry Kochenov, 'Of Jupiters and Bulls: The Cooperation and Verification Mechanism as a Redundant Special Regime for the Rule of Law', 61 EU Law Live (Weekend edition, June 5, 2021).

Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Article 7 TEU: A Commentary on the Much Talked-about “Dead” Provision’, in Armin von Bogdandy et al. (eds), Defending Checks and Balances in EU Member States: Taking Stock of Europe’s ActionsHeidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2021, pp. 127–154.

Dimitry Kochenov, 'Policing the Genuine Purity of Blood: The EU Commission's Assault on Citizenship and Residence by Investment and the Future of Citizenship in the European Union', 25(1) Studies in European Affairs, 2021, pp. 33–62

Dimitry Kochenov, ‘De Facto Power Grab in Context: Upgrading Rule of Law in Europe in Populist Times’, XL Polish Yearbook of International Law 2021, pp. 197–208. A concise version is available: Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Rule of Law as a Tool to Claim Supremacy’, in Adam Bodnar and Jakub Urbanik (eds), Περιμένοντας τους Bαρβάρους. Law in the days of Constitutional Crisis. Studies offered to Mirosław Wyrzykowski, Munich/Baden Baden: C.H. Beck/Nomos, 2021 pp. 323-336Spanish translation available: "El Estado de Derecho como instrumento para reivindicar la supremacía”, en: J.I. Ugartemendia and A. Saiz Arnaiz (Eds), ¿Está en peligro el Estado de Derecho en la Unión Europea?, Oñate: IVAP, 2021, pp. 9-38

Barbara Grabowska-Moroz and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘EU Rule of Law: The State of Play Following the Debate Surrounding the 2019 Commission’s Communication’, in G. Amato and B. Barbisan (eds), Rule of Law vs Majoritarian Democracy, Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2021 (in press).

Dimitry Kochenov and Jacquelyn Veraldi, 'The Commission against the Internal Market and EU Citizen's Rigths: Trying to Shoot down Sputnik with the "Digital Green Certificate"?' 12 European Journal of Risk Regulation 2021, pp. 404-414[watch a related event]

Oskar J. Gstrein, Dimitry Kochenov and Andrej Zwitter, ‘A Terrible Great Idea? COVID-19 “Vaccination Passports” in the Spotlight’, COMPAS Working Paper (University of Oxford) No. 153, 2021, 28 pp. [watch a related event]

Jacquelyn D. Veraldi and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘EU COVID Certificate: A Vehicle of Arbitrary Restrictions’, EU Law Live, October 2021, 6  pp.

Oskar J. Gstrein and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Blockchain and Citizenship: Uneasy Bedfellows’ in Oreste Pollicino and Giovanni De Gregorio (eds), Blockchain and Public Law, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2021, pp. 59-75.

Paul Kalinichenko and Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Introductory Note to Amendments to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation Concerning International Law (2020)', 60 International Legal Materials 2021, pp. 341-346.

Dimitry Kochenov, ‘Victims of Citizenship: Feudal Statuses for Sale in the Hypocrisy Republic’, COMPAS Working Paper (University of Oxford) No. 156, 2021, 43 pp.

Dimitry Kochenov, Guest Editorial: Upgrading Rule of Law in Europe in Populist Times’, XII(1) Pravni Zapisi 2021, pp. 16–28.

Courses taught by Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov

Events with involvement of Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov

Projects with involvement of Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov